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MSc - International Relations

Introduction

Introduction

Synopsis

The MSc (International Relations) programme offers an integrative set of courses that aims to equip students with the ability to understand international relations theories and develop their own concepts to deal with real-world situations.

Objectives

The MSc (International Relations) programme is designed to help students better comprehend the ever-changing international scene. It aims to:

  • Develop analytical skills on a wide range of international and transnational issues in an increasingly complex world
  • Integrate theory with policy across the spectrum from traditional issues of military security to non-traditional concerns such as energy and food security
  • Inculcate a systematic understanding of the relationships among states and non-state actors in a globalised international system
  • Provide a sound basis for policy analysis in new and creative ways appropriate to an everchanging policy environment


Relevance

Today, international relations is no longer the exclusive preserve of war, peace and strategic diplomacy. The "high politics" of yesteryear have expanded in scope to accommodate an array of concerns, encompassing international trade and investment, ethnic conflict, terrorism and insurgency, and "non-traditional" security issues relating to the environment, energy, water and health. All of these are interrelated, often in complex and multi-dimensional ways. Against this backdrop, the management of conflict and the search for equity and justice are becoming more challenging by the day. The traditional approach to security is being subsumed by newer concepts such as comprehensive security. At the same time, global and regional multi-lateral institutions are experimenting with new techniques of dealing with conflict, such as preventive diplomacy and humanitarian intervention, often with mixed results.

Benefits

It is vital for professionals in the field of international relations not only to be conversant with the intricacies of new concepts and theories, but also to be well-acquainted with the intricacies of strategic planning, design and policy analysis. This is not restricted to makers of public policy. Such knowledge is now essential for corporate planners, members of non-governmnent organisations, media persons and academics.

Content

The MSc (International Relations) programme has been specially designed to cover a broad spectrum of issues, including

  • Theories of International Relations;
  • The making of foreign policy;
  • Business planning and technology management;
  • Area studies, specifically on the Asia-Pacific region.

Students are required to take two core courses. In addition, Masters students completing a dissertation must take five extra courses (three primary and two electives), while those in the non-dissertation stream are expected to take seven courses (five primary and two electives).

Career Advancement

Some of the common career options available to people who complete this programme include positions in government departments dealing with foreign affairs and diplomacy, as well as in media corporations, for example journalists and news programme producers.

Having been trained in International Relations may also provide significant advantages for translators at high-level events and meetings. Other organisations that graduates may consider include NGOs and MNCs.

 

Admission

Admission

  • A good Bachelor degree from a university approved by the Academic Board.
  • For applicants whose medium of instruction at tertiary level is non-English, a TOEFL score is required. Test dates must be within 2 years or less from the date of your application. IELTS can also be used in place of TOEFL.
  • For applicants to the Warwick-NTU Double Masters Programme:
  • MA requirement: a 2:1 UK degree, CGPA of 3.3 (or overseas equivalent) in political science or related subject.
  • Diploma requirement: Students with a 2:2 or lower GPA of 3.0 to 3.3 or a non-related subject may be offered initial registration on the Diploma with a view to upgrade to the MA subject to satisfactory academic performance.

 

Selection Criteria
The Selection Committee evaluates all information provided in your application: past academic performances, TOEFL/IELTS scores, personal statement of purpose, essays, referees' reports and work experience.

Important Notes to Applicants
Application for more than one programme

1) If you are applying to more than one MSc programme, please submit a separate application with supporting documents for each programme. Students are not allowed to register concurrently for more than one programme. Should you be successful in more than one application, you can register for only one programme. The University reserves the right to terminate the candidature of any student found to have registered himself/herself for more than one programme at the same time.

Submission of Documents

2) Please read through all instructions given carefully before completing the online form. Incomplete applications will not be processed.

3) Applicants to the MSc programmes are to submit their supporting documents as listed in Step 4 of the Application Procedures page. This replaces the list of supporting documents stated in the online application and NTU's general guidelines.

4) Documents submitted to support your application are non returnable. Send only clearly legible photocopies of documents. Do not submit original documents. The University will not be responsible for the loss, damage or return of original documents submitted.

5) When your application is received by the NTU Graduate Studies Office, an acknowledgement will be issued to you. For applicants who have email accounts, the acknowledgement will be sent via email. Applicants are reminded to check their email account for the acknowledgement. We regret that we are unable to attend to phone or email enquiries concerning receipt of documents.

Notification of Application Outcome

6) Applicants will be notified of the outcome by end May. Thereafter, as and when vacancies arise, offers may still be made up to June.

7) Notification may be sent via email for those who have email accounts. Applicants are reminded to check their email accounts for the notification of application outcome.

8) We are unable to comment on applicants' chances of being selected. Selection is at the discretion of the Selection Committee.

Check applications status

9) Owing to the large number of applicants, we are unable to attend to phone or email enquiries on application status/results. You may check your application status at https://wis.ntu.edu.sg/webexe/owa/pgr$adm_inquiry.main but only after you have received our acknowledgement of receipt of your application.

Course Outline

Course Outline

Core Courses
IR6001     The Study of International Relations (Foundation)
S6007     Research Methods in International Studies

Primary Field
IR6003     Critical Security Studies
IR6004    International Relations of Northeast Asia
IR6006     The Study of Institutions
IR6014     Nationalism & Multiculturalism
IR6015     Japanese Foreign Policy
IR6020     European Union & Contemporary European Security
IR6023     An Introduction to International Law
IR6024    International Human Rights Law
IR6026    U.S. Security Policy in the Asia-Pacific
IR6027    U.S. Foreign Policy Decision-Making
IR6028    Current Topics and Controversies in U.S. Foreign Policy
IR6901     Selected Topics in International Relations - Introduction to Discourse Analysis with a special emphasis on Religio-Political Discourse
IP6015    Quantitative Methods In The Study of International Politics

Electives
AS6000    The International History of Asia
AS6001     Comparative Politics of Asia
AS6002    Language Study: Chinese
AS6007    Government and Politics of Southeast Asia
AS6008    Contemporary Maritime Security in Asia
AS6010    State & Politics in Modern Indonesia
AS6011     State Society & Politics in Malaysia
AS6013    State Society & Politics in China
AS6015    Non-Traditional Security Issues in Asia
B6833     Strategy Formulation (MBA elective course)
B6834     Strategy Implementation (MBA elective course)
CC6105     The Dynamics of Investment in Greater China (MACC elective course)
CC6204    Chinese Foreign Policy (MACC elective course)
IP6000     Theories and Issues in International Political Economy
IP6001    Economics for International Political Economy
IP6006     The Political Economy of Development
IP6008     A Globalizing China in the World Economy
IP6009     Monitoring Forecasting & Managing Country Risk and Economic Crisis
IP6016     Energy Security
IP6018     Regional & Global Financial Crisis
IP6019     Political Economy: Classical Theories of Market & State
IP6021    International Economic Institutions & International Economic Policies
IP6022    Indonesian Economy
IP6024    International Trade
IP6025     Comparative Political Economy
IP6901     The Political Economy of Economic Development and Integration in Asia
S6003     Management of Defence Technology
S6005     The Analysis of Defence/Security Policies
S6010    Technology and Military Innovation: A Revolution In Military Affairs Defense Transformation or Something Else?
S6011    Globalisation Security & The State
S6014    The Evolution of Strategic Thought
S6016    The Study of War
S6019     Terrorism Intelligence & Homeland Security
S6020     Chinese Security & Foreign Policy
S6024    Problems in Combating Insurgency & Terrorism
S6025    India's Foreign & Security Policy
S6028    Countering Religiously-Motivated Terrorism in Southeast Asia: Issues & Challenges
S6029     Nuclear Politics in Asia
S6031    Globalisation Maritime Security & Naval Development in the Asia-Pacific
S6034    Jihadist Strategic Thought and Practice
S6035    Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in Modern Asia
S6036     War in the Global Village
S6037     Selected Issues in Terrorism and Counterterrorism
S6038     Conflicts in the Digital Age: Information and Cyber Warfare
S6901    Selected Topics in Strategic Studies - Theoretical & Practical Approaches to the Future

Degree requirements
The programme leading to the degree of MSc (International Relations) comprise:

  • Two core courses
  • Three Primary and Two elective courses
  • a dissertation of 10,000 words

OR

  • Two core courses
  • Five Primary and Two elective courses


Dissertation
Only students with a 'B+' average TGPA at the end of the first trimester (for full-time student) and 'B+' average CGPA at the end of second trimester (for part-time student) will be allowed to write a dissertation. Others will automatically be expected to take two extra courses.

Candidates who are on the dissertation stream are required to complete a dissertation of 10,000 words. Dissertation topics will be selected in consultation with RSIS Faculty. Writing the dissertation provides students the opportunity to further apply the theoretical knowledge and analytical skills developed in the courses taken as part of the MSc programme.

Academic Units
Successful completion of each MSc programme requires a candidate to have obtained a total of 27 academic units (AUs). Each course/elective is equivalent to three AUs. The dissertation is equivalent to six AUs.

MBA Elective Courses
The MBA courses are offered by the Nanyang Business School. Candidates can choose no more than two MBA elective courses.

MACC Elective Courses (Master of Arts in Contemporary China)
The MACC courses are offered by the School of Humanities and Social Sciences. Candidates can choose no more than two MACC elective courses.

Dates & Fees

Dates & Fees

Dates

Final Year Undergraduates [For MSc programmes only]
If you are an existing final year undergraduate, you may apply for admission with photocopy of provisional degree certificate and / or yearly examination results to date. The original degree certificate and academic transcripts / complete yearly results must be provided for verification at the point of matriculation. Otherwise you will not be admitted to the Masters programme. If you are unable to produce your original degree certificate in time, you need to give us an original letter issued by the home university certifying that all requirements for the bachelor degree have been completed.

Online Applications

Applications for AY 2014/2015 (July Admission) will open from 1 November 2013.

Fees

Academic Year 2012/2013

  • Application Fee    S$21.40
  • Enrolment Fee (this is non-refundable, but will be offset against the total programme fee payable)    S$500

Tuition Fees per Academic Year (payable in equal instalments over 3 trimesters for full-time students, and six trimesters for part-time students) (fees are subject to change)

  • Full Fee*: S$23,910
  • Singapore Citizen and Singapore PR: S$7,590
  • International Student: S$10,020

*Eligibility Guidelines for Ministry of Education (MOE) Subsidy
The substantial tuition subsidy from the Government of Singapore comes in the form of a MOE subsidy which is administered by the Ministry of Education (MOE) and is offered to all admitted students up to the maximum programme duration. Students need not apply for the MOE subsidy if they are eligible.

(i) Students with a Higher Degree Qualification Students who have previously enjoyed MOE subsidy in a graduate programme will not be eligible for MOE subsidy in another graduate programme at the same or lower level. Instead, such students will be liable to pay “Full Fees” for the graduate programme that they now wish to undertake. For example, students who had previously enjoyed MOE subsidy in a Masters programme and had attained the Masters degree will not be eligible for subsidy in another programme at Masters degree or lower level. In addition, if they wish to upgrade in another discipline area where the programme has a combination of Masters and PhD candidature, they will not be eligible to enjoy MOE subsidy during the Masters candidature.

(ii) Transferred or Re-admitted Students who are transferred or re-admitted within NTU or across Autonomous Universities* will be eligible to receive MOE subsidy up to the maximum programme duration for the new programme less number of semesters of MOE subsidy received for the previous programme.

* Autonomous Universities refer to NTU, National University of Singapore (NUS) and Singapore Management University (SMU)


Notes on payment of fees (applicable for MSc Programmes only):

  • Every year, fees are reviewed and subject to revision. As and when fees are revised, the new fees will be applicable to all existing and new students.
  • Fees for each academic year must be paid in advance and within the stipulated periods.
  • Tuition fees are to be paid only upon receipt of the bill from the Office of Finance. The bill will be sent to successful candidates AFTER they have registered formally with the University. The fees must be settled within the deadline as stipulated in the bill.
  • Persons who fail to pay fees within the stipulated periods will have their names struck off the register of higher degree students. A person whose name has been thus struck off but who is otherwise eligible to continue his candidature will be reinstated only after he has settled all outstanding fees and paid a re-registration fee of S$52.50.
  • A student who withdraws or leaves the University two or more weeks after the commencement of his candidature or the commencement of the semester is liable to pay the fees due for the semester.
  • The University's Board of Trustees reserves the right to alter fees at any time without notice.

Fees payable at registration

  • Registration Fee - non-refundable (payable once only on admission)    S$53.50
  • Computer Fee - non refundable (payable per academic year)    S$13.90
  • Student Card Fee    S$10.70
  • Group Hospitalization and Surgical Insurance (GHSI) Scheme – mandatory for international students and SPR admitted on full-time basis (payable per academic year). Singapore full-time graduate students are automatically covered under this scheme unless they opt out.     S$83.00
  • Group Personal Accident Insurance (GPAI) Scheme – all full-time graduate students are automatically covered under this scheme unless they opt out     S$5.35
  • Medical Scheme – all full-time graduate students are automatically covered under this scheme unless they opt out     S$64.20

Registering candidates must make payment for the above fees at the Office of Finance, Student Services Centre, Level 3. (Opening hours: 8.30 a.m. to 4.45 p.m. on Monday to Thursday and 8.30 a.m. to 4.15 p.m. on Friday) before proceeding for their registration.
The receipt must be shown to the staff at the registration counter as proof of payment. Candidates will be allowed to register only upon payment of the above fees.
The above miscellaneous fees paid are not refundable. Candidates who withdraw from the programme after having registered but before the commencement of the term will still be liable for the above fees.

Miscellaneous fees payable after admission

  • Examination Fee (payable once only on admission)    S$160.50
  • Amenities Fee (payable per academic year for full-time students only)    S$12.80
  • Sports Fee (payable per academic year for full-time students only)     S$26.50
  • Copyright Fee (payable per academic year)    S$10.00 (full-time students)      S$5.00 (part-time students)


The Tuition Fee is to be paid only upon receipt of the bill from the Office of Finance. The bill will be sent to candidates after they have registered formally with the University. The above fees will also be included in the bill.
Candidates who withdraw from the programme within the first 2 weeks of the first semester shall not be liable for the Tuition Fee, Examination Fee, Amenities Fee, Sports Fee and Copyright Fee. Candidates who withdraw from the programme after the second week shall be liable for payment of Tuition Fee, Examination Fee, Amenities Fee, Sports Fee and Copyright Fee due for the entire term.
All fees listed above are in Singapore dollars (S$) and are inclusive of Goods and Services Tax (GST), except for copyright fee which does not have GST.

Other Info

Description of Courses

AS6000 The International History of Asia
This course provides an overview of the international history of East and Southeast Asia. It focuses on the themes of cooperation, order, and conflict in the region. Topics to be covered include regional security issues, inter-state tensions, and the foreign policies of the major players in East and Southeast Asia.

An historical understanding of the place of Asia in the world is crucial to any study of contemporary international relations and strategic security issues. Such long-term and comparative perspectives are especially timely given the centrality of a re-emergent Asia-particularly the rise of China and India-in today's international system. This graduate-level seminar course utilizes primary sources, in addition to scholarly interpretations from various parts of the world, in order to map continuities and changes in a vast multi-dimensional landscape extending from East and Southeast Asia through to South and Southwest Asia. History, written from both 'occidental' and 'oriental' angles, can help reveal how today's policy problems have been constructed over time and help identify solutions to unravel these knotty problems. An important objective of this course is to relate Asia's international history to its contemporary international politics. Students are also encouraged to use historical case studies explored in this course to empirically test major International Relations theories that have been covered in other courses. We will conduct in-depth discussions on such topics as the importance of historical method and imagination; the influence of 'Indianization', 'Sinicization', 'Islamization' and 'Westernization'; the impact of colonization and decolonization, global war and asymmetric conflict, separatism and nationalism; as well as the evolution of modern regional identities within Asia (such as ASEAN) and long-term challenges that they encounter

AS6001 Comparative Politics of Asia
This course is a core seminar on the theories and methods of the field of comparative politics, with special reference to Asia. Some of the topics we will cover include the development of comparative politics as a field, methodologies used in comparative politics, such as authoritarianism, democratization, corporatism, nationalism, nation-building, modernization, development, dependency theory, state-society relations (including civil-military relations), identity and ethnic politics, social movements, revolutions, institutional analysis, political culture, and political economy. We will discuss the relative merits of rational choice, cultural, and institutional approaches.

AS6002 Language Study: Chinese
Candidates will be given the opportunity to study an Asian language of their choice. They will be introduced to the language, learn basic grammar, and be acquainted with the essential vocabulary. The School offers Bahasa Melayu, Japanese, and Mandarin Chinese. Subject to instructor availability, the total number of languages offered for study in a given year is subject to change. Students intending to read this course will also be required to read a language that they have little prior knowledge of.

This course is designed for beginners with no previous knowledge of Chinese. The course content is theme-based and includes communicative activities which help learners develop Chinese language skills in listening, speaking, reading and writing. At the end of the course, students will be able to conduct basic daily conversations in Chinese as well as reading and writing about 200 Chinese characters

AS6007 Government and Politics of Southeast Asia
This course will examine the dynamics of the domestic politics of Southeast Asia. Within the framework of Comparative Politics, this course focuses on the political actors, institutions, and. processes that define the characteristics of political systems in the region. It will explore and analyze the challenges that states face along several themes which include, among others: political development and legitimacy; democratization and globalization; the role of elites and civil societies; ethnic and religious conflicts; and the politics of identity. While the course adopts a comparative country study approach, the objectives however go beyond knowing about the Southeast Asian countries. More importantly, it aims to enable students to think conceptually and comparatively about differing political systems and processes, and to critically analyze common problems, issues, and trends that cut across the dynamics of governance and politics of Southeast Asia.

AS6008 Contemporary Maritime Security in Asia
This course will address the dynamics of maritime security in Asia with a particular focus on issues of concern in Southeast Asia, including the safety and security of shipping using the vital waterways in the region. Shipping and seaborne trade continue to grow and the marine environment of the region is under increased threat from higher levels of land-based marine pollution, increased shipping traffic, degradation of marine habitats, and over-fishing. Meanwhile, naval budgets in the region are increasing and there is a risk of maritime strategies becoming competitive rather than cooperative. Law and order problems at sea are becoming more serious with piracy and armed attacks against ships, people smuggling, and drug smuggling, as well as the threat of maritime terrorism. Countering this illegal activity is handicapped by the lack of maritime boundaries in many parts of the region and conflicting claims to sovereignty over offshore islands. All these issues place a premium on the need for cooperation and regime building to address them. This need will be an important theme of the course.

AS6010 State and Politics in Modern Indonesia
This course evaluates the main currents in Indonesia’s domestic politics since its independence in 1945. It evaluates the institutions, processes and practices of Indonesian politics. It begins with a basic analysis of pre-colonial and Dutch colonial history, the experiences of Japanese occupation, revolution, and the independence period divided into the sub-periods of Parliamentary Democracy, Guided Democracy, the New Order, and the current Reform era. The course identifies the major actors in the political system, the nature of their interaction and the sources of their power. It seeks to answer some of the more complex questions in the study of Indonesian politics: Is Indonesia a democracy? Who rules Indonesia: the politicians, the bureaucrats or the military? What are the causes of political corruption and money politics? Other themes include the impact of electoral reforms; civil-military relations; the politics of patronage; the resurgence of Islam; issues of national integration; and the role of the government in the economy. Whilst highlighting the more distinctive aspects of Indonesian politics, the broader comparative perspective is not ignored, with references to democratic theory, pluralist, elitist, and corporatist models of interest groups, electoral theory and other concepts. Contemporary policy problems are examined, including military, environmental and administrative reforms and decentralization.

AS6011 State, Society, and Politics in Malaysia
The course examines the successes and failures of Malaysian State, Society and Politics. The “State” is the vestibule of political power and includes all those institutions of government and political governance. “Society” represents all those other activities arising out of business and civil society that are not directly related to the “State”. In this course, “politics” refers to the distribution of power across private and public domains. Malaysia’s constitutionally-enshrined system of federal government exhibits unitary state characteristics rather than a federalist tone involving greater political devolution. The course also includes the role and function of the Malaysian Armed Forces and the Malaysian Special Forces. The course emphasizes an understanding of the shifting “Triangle of Power” that has evolved dramatically since the introduction of the NEP (1970). Students are encouraged to explore and consult as many historical and contemporary works on Malaysian politics well beyond those listed in the readings. State, Society and Politics in Malaysia includes all political, economic, and social activities across all Malaysian states in the Semenanjung, and the Eastern Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak and has been designed for the newcomer to Malaysian politics.

AS6013 State, Society, and Politics in China
This course is intended to be an in-depth examination of the key aspects of contemporary Chinese political economy. There will be four major parts in the course. First, we will have a quick survey of the political and economic legacies left by Mao. Second, we will look at the origins of China’s reform and opening up policy, and the political dynamics of the incremental reform approach. Special attention will be paid to the question why and how China adopted and implemented its gradualist reform program. In the third part, we will focus on the results and consequences of the reform, including such topics as the changes in center-local relations, state-society relations, income gap and regional imbalance, rural political economy, and social instability and social welfare. In the last section, we will try to understand the Chinese society in a broader context of globalization, the ideological and institutional evolutions of the CCP, and China’s political reforms. The ultimate purpose of the course is to encourage students to understand and analyze contemporary China by grasping the complex interactions of cultural, historical, societal, political, economical, as well as global forces.

AS6015 Non-Traditional Security Issues in Asia
Non-Traditional Security (NTS) issues are challenges to the survival and well-being of peoples and states that arise primarily from non-military sources. These challenges include climate and environmental change, resource scarcity, infectious diseases, natural disasters, irregular migration, food shortages, people smuggling, drug trafficking, and transnational crime. These dangers are often transnational in scope. They typically defy unilateral solutions. And they customarily demand the attention of multiple agencies and states. This seminar investigates the idea and scope of non-traditional security, the key trends and developments in NTS, and the multifaceted strategies that have been implemented to address NTS issues in Asia. It will also provoke thinking on future trends in NTS and consider new strategies to deal with the challenges posed by new developments in NTS.

B6833 Strategy Formulation
This course examines the process of strategy formulation. Both formal and emergent approaches to strategy formulation as well as control issues are discussed. Particular approaches to formal planning covered in detail include environmental scanning and scenario planning.

B6834 Strategy Implementation
This course reviews how strategy is aligned with structure, control and reward systems in organisations. A prominent position is given to organisational learning as a process underlying on-going implementation.

CC6105 The Dynamics of Investment in Greater China
This course introduces the process of analyzing, evaluating, and managing various kinds of financial instruments in the emerging markets of China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau. It analyzes China's regional economies, industry, finance and banking, and the latest development in trade, and the Chinese governments' changing policies regarding foreign investment and multi-national corporations.

CC6204 Chinese Foreign Policy
This course analyzes the evolution of China’s foreign policy since 1949. It examines China’s growing role in the international system by drawing on concrete historical examples. It also considers the objectives and processes in formulating foreign policy in relation to the domestic political context and the international environment. Special emphasis is placed on China’s policies toward the United States and the ASEAN countries.

IP6000 Theories and Issues in International Political Economy
This graduate course is designed to give students an introduction to key theoretical and empirical concepts in the study of international political economy (IPE). IPE sits at the intersection of politics and markets. Many political scientists study political decisions divorced from the economic context. Similarly, economists frequently study the mechanisms of the market as though the economy works without manipulation by political actors. Yet these two areas should not be regarded separately. This course will study the interaction between production, distribution and the use of wealth with politically organized rules and institutions in the global environment. This interaction will be studied at two levels-theoretical and practical. At the theoretical level, four primary approaches to IPE, including liberalism, mercantilism, Marxism and critical approaches will be examined. These theories will help structure students’ comprehension of real-world examples. The course will also examine substantive issue areas like trade, monetary and fiscal policy, foreign investment, globalization, development, foreign aid, and international cooperation. An economics background is not a prerequisite for this course.

IP6001 Economics for International Political Economy
This module provides the necessary macroeconomic principles to enable students to tackle some of the major issues and problems in the arena of international political economy, including the comparison of living standards across countries, the costs and benefits of globalization, proposals to reform the international financial architecture and the case for countries to pursue closer monetary and financial integration. The course begins with the basic macroeconomic framework of national income accounting in an open economy and the construction of the ‘workhorse’ AD-AS macroeconomic model. This is followed by a discussion of the policy issues facing small open economies as they attempt to cope with problems of inflation, unemployment, slow economic growth, balance of payments deficits, foreign exchange market fluctuations and the forces of globalization. Finally, we examine the evolution of the international monetary system since 1944, recent proposals to reform the international financial architecture and the case for closer monetary cooperation, both in Europe and in East Asia. The module is aimed at students with little or no background in Economics who want to develop the necessary tools to analyze contemporary issues in international political economy. This course is mandatory for all MSc (IPE) students. MSc (IPE) student who wish to opt out of IP6001 because they have had prior training in economics must demonstrate to the course instructor that their training has provided them with the skill set needed for IP6001.

IP6006 The Political Economy of Development
This course examines different paths that states can take enroute to development. It begins with a review of liberal recommendations that have formed the bedrock of Western objectives for development. It considers the role played by three key institutions—the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and the World Trade Organization (WTO). It will then explore possible alterations in these institutions that might improve the prospects for growth in the least developed states. The final section of the course reviews critical approaches to development, including Marxism/Leninism, the legacy of colonialism, and world systems theory. Throughout the course, both theoretical and practical aspects of economic growth, will be considered.

IP6008 A Globalizing China in the World Economy
This MSc-level course aims to help non-China specialists familiarize with, and develop an appreciation for, the multi-faceted linkages between post-1979 China and the world economy. This objective is to be achieved through a combination of instructor’s lectures and class discussions, guest lectures, as well as group or individual presentations of case studies. The course examines the growth and patterns of China’s international trade, trends in inward and outward investment flows, as well as China’s participation in global financial activities. It tries to assess how a rapidly globalizing China affects its own domestic economy, as well as its external economic partners and international institutions/regimes. Finally, it attempts to dissect the possible “fault lines” in the Chinese economy and evaluate China’s place in the world economy by 2030-2050. At the end of the course, participants are expected to have gained a holistic comprehension of China’s broadening engagement with the world economy, in the recent past, at present, and in the medium-term future.

IP6009 Monitoring, Forecasting and Managing Country Risk and Economic Crisis
Since the Asian Financial Crisis in 1997-98, several similar but smaller-scale crises have erupted in some developing economies like Brazil, Argentina, Russia, and so on. These events have spurred multilateral institutions (e.g. World Bank, IMF), MNCs, international investment banks and national governments to develop more rigorous early-warning systems to anticipate such economic crises in countries where they have invested in or lent to. Failure to monitor these kinds of crises would entail extremely high costs for international investors and lenders. Recognizing this, country risk monitoring and forecasting have become more sophisticated and elevated management functions in these international and national organizations. This course aims to introduce students to the concepts, theories and methodologies of country risk assessment and crisis prediction. It takes a holistic approach, combining the tools of political, economic and financial risk analyses from both the qualitative and quantitative perspectives. The course will incorporate real life, retrospective crises as case studies to help students gain an in-depth understanding of the ingredients that lead to the successes and failures of country risk monitoring and forecasting.

IP6015 Quantitative Methods in the Study of International Politics
This course is broken into two parts: statistics and formal theory. Depending on students’ backgrounds and interests, they may wish to focus more on one part of the course than the other.

1) Statistics

The statistics portion of the course is intended to help you understand quantitative research in political science. Although the emphasis will be on statistical methods, most of the principles we will learn apply to all types of systematic research, regardless of whether it relies on qualitative or quantitative comparisons. The course aims at helping you understand the basic logic of research and equip you with tools to carry out your own research. Since statistics play a large role in social science research, it is essential to understand how statistics can be used and to be able to evaluate how it is used in published research and controversies, even for those who do not rely on statistical methods.

2) Formal Theory

The formal theory portion of the course will introduce students to game theory and formal modeling in a political economy framework. The first part offers a ‘math-light’ introduction to game theory, with Morrow. The aim is to help build students’ intuition about game theory and formal modeling before embarking on more mathematical treatments, as with Gibbons. In the second half of the course, we will focus on the formal modeling typically used in political economy; however, the methods in this half are also widely used for formal models in international relations and security studies. But do note that the structure for this half of the course is tentative, and subject to revision.

IP6016 Energy Security
Energy is a private good but a fungible commodity while security is a public good. When two distinct goods are combined, the underlying characteristics of the composite good are multifaceted. Though the concept of energy security is not well known, energy security could be simply an assurance of energy supply that can be depended upon both in times of abundance as well as in times of scarcity. As recent international affairs such as China’s deepening relationship with African nations, a cooperation between the UN and India on nuclear technology or Iran’s initiation to build pipelines to India via Pakistan have shown, efforts to secure energy resources are believed to have shaped relations within and across energy-deficient and energy abundant countries. Hence, energy security is not only a security issue but an economic issue. This course aims to understand the multi-faceted characteristics of energy security ranging from the inherent economic aspect of energy security to strategic and geopolitical nature of energy security. As a way of the understanding, it studies various aspects of energy, security and energy security in the four broadly defined frameworks– economic, political economic, geopolitical, and legal and regulatory context. First, it reviews the economics of energy security, mainly the consequences of import dependence and instability of energy markets. Second, it examines the political economy of energy security, especially interrelations between crude power and oil-importing and -exporting countries. Third, it explores how geopolitics of international relations influences and shapes coalition, cooperation or unilateral action for energy security. Fourth, it analyzes the aspects of energy security in legal and regulatory frameworks in local, regional and international context. Apart from the multi-faceted characteristics of energy security, it also discusses particular issues in energy security such as the different perceptions of energy security between developed and developing countries, a different time dimension of energy security, the risk perception of energy security, the role of government, and the nature of the threat. Throughout this course, students are required to read recommended books, reports, and scholastic papers among others and present and discuss what they found from the readings, and write an analytical paper on energy security.

IP6018 Regional and Global Financial Crisis
This course discusses regional and global financial crises, the causes, policy responses and impacts as well as theories and approaches behind them. The students will be introduced to relevant concepts to theories and approaches as well as the policy aspects of the crisis. Practical cases of regional and multilateral cooperation to address crises and to mitigate the adverse impacts, and to avoid from their repeat, will be discussed and demonstrated.

The objective is to help students acquiring better understanding about the issues of financial crisis and to provide them with tools of analysis for better understanding and assessments about the financial crises, whether country specific or systemic.

IP6019 Political Economy: Classical Theories of Market and State
Political economy is an interdisciplinary subject which integrates economics and politics. Its canonical sources of theoretical inspiration include Smith, Marx, Marshall, Keynes, Schumpeter and Buchanan. This course seeks to understand what these great authors said about cross-disciplinary issues of market and State which remain the focus of our present-day concerns.

IP6021 International Economic Institutions and International Economic Policies
This course will examine the evolving role played by key international organizations – the IMF, the FSF, the WTO, the World Bank, and regional development banks. It will highlight their role in fostering economic growth, reducing poverty and achieving the MDGs, promoting macroeconomic stability and growth, preventing and resolving financial economic crises, and providing global public goods. It will also focus on a number of cutting edge issues in the area of international economic policy.

The course will have four parts. The first part will focus on issues in the area of money and exchange rates with particular attention to the evolving international financial architecture and the challenges to financial stability posed by financial globalization. The second part will focus on financial sector regulatory issues which have leapt to the forefront of the international economic agenda after the global economic crisis. The third part will deal with issues in the area of international trade in particular to the interaction between economic and political dimensions of trade policy and the recent shifts from multilateral approaches to trade liberalization toward more regional and bilateral approaches. The fourth part will deal with development finance and its role in fostering economic growth, poverty reduction, and in achieving the MDGs.

IP6022 Indonesian Economy
This course presents current state of Indonesian economy with its problems and challenges as well as its opportunities. Even though the focus is on the current state of the economy it is traced from its evolution from the past, which includes the different systems that had been implemented as well as the experiences of the ups and down due to external and internal developments. It examines the political economy of Indonesian path of development through its complex relationships with regional and global trade, investment and finance and Indonesia’s involvement and association in bilateral, regional and multilateral institution.

IP6024 International Trade
This course begins with the economics of trade and a short review of the history of international trade. It traces the evolution of the GATT and WTO and then examines the rise of free trade agreements. The second half of the course studies specific elements of trade agreements in greater detail.

IP6025 Comparative Political Economy
This course immerses students into the realities of day-to-day economic policymaking around the world in a nuanced manner. No set of economic policies, readjustment strategies or development paths neatly fit into the schools of thought students have learned about in introductory economics. Instead, they are influenced by political systems, interest groups, personalities, coalitions, negotiations, inefficiencies, cost and information constraints, ideologies, historical institutions, culture, sociological factors, corruption, wars, international relations, supranational organizations, etc.

The course will develop students’ analytical and critical thinking tools, practice their ability to interpret and evaluate statistics, teach them how to critique and construct theories, and test students using empirical data. On completion of the course, students will not only become a more intelligent consumer, but a contributor to ideas on economic reform in both the advanced industrial world (which includes the US) and the developing world.

IP6901 The Political Economy of Economic Development and Integration in Asia
This course will focus on identifying the factors which contributed to the "Asian Economic Miracle" and the host of issues confronting the new post-crisis Asia. It will draw upon existing academic literature and policy papers, among others, from the ADB, the World Bank and the IMF as there is no single text book which can be used for the purpose. The course will have a strong policy focus and enable students to develop an understanding of emerging issues facing a new post-crisis Asia such as evolution of production and supply chains and free trade agreements, efforts to develop local currency bond markets, promote policy dialogues, and establishing regional financing mechanisms.

IR6001 The Study of International Relations
This course introduces students to the advanced study of international relations through an understanding of competing analytical and normative frameworks, including realist, liberal, constructivist, and critical methods such as Critical Theory, feminism, and poststructuralism. The relationship between these perspectives and the global realities they engage with can be rather complex, which can be viewed in three ways. First, perspectives are templates or tools for analyzing major developments and transformations in international relations. Second, perspectives are means of critique not only to assess existing states of affairs, but to censure and expose them as repressive structures from which people need liberation. Third, perspectives are constitutive practices that socially and linguistically produce particular political realities but exclude other possibilities. Students are exposed to the interplay between power, interest, ideas, identity, discourse, socialization, and resistance, in explaining continuity and change in international relations. Conceptual and policy debates surrounding several key sources and mechanisms of stability and change, whether structural, institutional and/or cultural, are examined.

IR6003 Critical Security Studies
This course is an introductory survey of various theoretical-cum-analytical approaches to the study of international security. The disciplinary domains of international relations and security studies are evolving in response to a social world in transition. What many regard as the dominance of a traditional state-centric notion of security has given way to a rich contestation of ideas on what security is or ought to be – its referent objects, subjects/agents, issues, etc. – and how it should be measured and assessed. In this sense (though clearly not the only), the discipline can be said to evince “critical” dimensions. Indeed, most of the perspectives with which we will be engaging serve, in moderate and radical ways, as critiques – and, in not a few cases, also as endorsements – of the status quo conception of security. For our purposes, however, to be critical also means to treat all claims on security – including our own – with a persistent attitude of estrangement, especially if a claim is presented as natural, self-evident and beyond debate. We must, in Merleau-Ponty’s words, “never consent to be completely at ease with what seems evident” – particularly, in our case, the world of world politics which security intellectuals and practitioners so confidently affirm and delimit, deliberately or otherwise. In this course we will examine prevailing assertions about the “nature”, meanings and practices of security as understood by those in the business of defining, expounding, teaching, exercising and pontificating on international security in its various dimensions, including the self-professedly critical. Of interest to us, therefore, are the participants, processes and practices germane to the business of making, remaking and unmaking of global political life.

IR6004 International Relations of Northeast Asia
This course emphasizes a historical and systemic approach toward understanding the international relations of Northeast Asia (and international politics in general). The course is designed with two convictions. The first conviction is that a decent understanding of history is the foundation for any understanding of international politics, and focusing only on current affairs actually tends to obscure some causes and issues that were there decades or even centuries ago. The second conviction is that a systemic approach is absolutely necessary for understanding international politics, and the broader system called human society.

IR6006 The Study of Institutions
The primary purpose of this course is to provide students with an understanding of the major theoretical perspectives on the study of international institutions and of the evolving role of international institutions in international relations. The latter involves examining the impact of international institutions on policy making and implementation as well as analyzing their limits and the problems they face in contemporary international politics. A secondary objective of this course is to explain how competing understandings of, and approaches to, institution building and regionalism apply to Southeast Asia and the wider Asia-Pacific region. Consequently, this course provides an understanding of the conceptual and theoretical debates on international institutions and regionalism, the historical evolution of multilateralism, the factors affecting its principles and practice in the post-Cold War era, and the strengths and weaknesses of contemporary international institutions. Apart from global institutions such as the United Nations and the World Trade Organization, regional institutions in Europe and Asia are examined.

IR6014 Nationalism and Multiculturalism
National, cultural, religious and ethnic identities form an important and inescapable element of modern-day politics. This course addresses the issues of nationalism and multiculturalism in contemporary societies by examining the key concepts and theories as well as the specific problems and cases relevant to the understanding and practice of nationalism and multiculturalism. The course deals with the following topics: (1) theoretical understandings of identity; (2) understanding nationalism; (3) benefits and problems of nationalism; (4) understanding difference and the multicultural; (5) multiculturalism and the management of difference; (6) national resilience and the future of nationalism and multiculturalism. In each case, the course offers a critical examination of the existing theoretical literature together with empirical examples, case studies and problems.

IR6015 Japanese Foreign Policy
This course focuses on contemporary issues to do with Japanese diplomacy, and explores their implications for global international relations in general, and Asian regionalism in particular. Critical views and theoretical diversity are sought: the course addresses issues from several different perspectives, without supporting any policy or promoting a particular theory. Students are encouraged to develop their own views. The aim of the course is to enhance the students’ knowledge of Japanese diplomacy and to build up their analytical skills – to provide them with tools useful for analyzing diplomacy and international relations. The issues explored include: What are the implications of Japan’s“ normal” defense policies vis-‡-vis Asia? Can China and Japan cooperate to preserve regional peace? Can ASEAN benefit from its relations with Japan? How does Tokyo develop its foreign policies? How does history affect policymaking in Tokyo and the country’s relations with Asia? What were the key determinants of Japan’s economic successes after WWII? Who is the key player in the East Asian community – ASEAN, China, India or Japan?

IR6020 European Union and Contemporary European Security
Key purpose of this course is to understand the important developments in the European security environment since 1989, and to analyze the role of the European Union in shaping the new security order in Europe. Traditionally, the Union institutions fostered security among EU member states by facilitating transactions in areas such as trade and communications. Its success is seen in the creation of a zone of peace and stability in Europe based on mutual trust. With the end of the Cold War, the new dynamics in global security have had a significant impact on the meaning and nature of security. The course will examine these important trends in Europe such as the widening of the concept of security and the shift from balance of power politics to cooperative security and the theoretical discourse that underpin these developments. It will also explore the political, institutional and legal developments that shape post-Cold War Europe, and focus in depth on the role of the European Union (EU). The Common Foreign and Security Policy and the "birth" of the European Security and Defence Policy will be examined in greater detail, and how the role of the EU as a security actor relates to other organizations such as the OSCE and NATO in the security architecture of Europe will also be discussed.

IR6023 An Introduction to International Law
This is a foundation course in public international law, or what has been classically known as the law of nations. The course introduces the student to the nature, processes and institutions of the international legal system, as well as the major legal principles governing relations between states, states and international organizations and also between individuals and the international community. In the course of our studies, we will consider the relationship between international and domestic law and the role of law in promoting world public order. The student will learn to appreciate the interaction between law and international politics, how norms are created, why they are obeyed, and how these rules govern behaviour among international actors.

IR6024 International Human Rights Law
This human rights course deals with competing ideas about the appropriate relationship between individual and the state and the role of law in regulating that relationship. In particular, we will explore the extent to which human rights are an indispensable and universally-desirable aspect of legal regulation. Starting with an historical overview of the development of international human rights law, the course will consider key international human rights documents and conventions and asks if there are reasons to believe that either the idea of human rights or the content attributed to some human rights cannot be justified as appropriate for all societies in all contexts? Selected cases and scenarios from international human rights law – such as group rights (women, children, indigenous persons) and particular rights (education, language, health) – provide the concrete focus for exploring the broader theme.

IR6026 U.S. Security Policy in the Asia-Pacific
The Asia-Pacific security environment is undergoing rapid change with major implications for all of its regional actors. No power will be affected more by such changes or be more important in responding to the emerging challenges they pose than the United States. Key American policy issues and interests in the region will be assessed in this course. Special emphasis will be given to Washington’s relations with other large Asia-Pacific powers (China, Japan and India), its traditional alliance ties and its evolving interests in regional institutions such as ASEAN and the East Asia Summit. How the U.S. will adjust to being one of several major regional powers in the Asia-Pacific as opposed to continuing to exercise unrivalled regional hegemony will also be discussed in-depth.

IR6027 U.S. Foreign Policy Decision-Making
This course examines several of the most prominent theories of U.S. foreign policy decision-making. It is divided into four parts. Part I introduces students to the methodology of theory-building and theory-testing in the academic study of U.S. foreign policy-making. Part II examines some of the most prominent theories that privilege international systemic variables in explaining American foreign policy, including various strands of neorealist theory and bargaining/rational choice theory. Part III surveys a variety of theories that focus on the role played by various domestic factors, including: political and economic interests and pressure groups; ideas, identity, religion, and political culture; organizational processes, bureaucratic politics, and agenda setting; Congress; and public opinion and sectional conflict. Part IV consists of several theories that focus on the attributes of individual decision-makers in the formulation of U.S. foreign policy. It encompasses perspectives drawn from the schools of psychoanalytic and cognitive psychology, and those that emphasize belief systems and emotions.

IR6028 Current Topics and Controversies in U.S. Foreign Policy
This course addresses a number of salient issues in contemporary United States foreign policy. It is divided into four sections. The first section introduces students to rival perspectives on the broad question of whether U.S. behaviour on the world stage is primarily driven by ambitions relating to realpolitik, ideology, economics, or to shifting combinations of the three. The second section examines a series of topics relating to the ends and means of American foreign policy, particularly those involving the use of military force. Specifically, it includes discussions of grand strategy; conventional military power; weapons of mass destruction; counterterrorism and counterinsurgency; economic statecraft; and humanitarian intervention. The third section focuses on the national security problems and challenges emanating from three crucial geographic regions, namely, East Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. The fourth section surveys a number of works that speculate about the future of U.S. foreign policy.

IR6901 Selected Topics in International Relations – Introduction to Discourse Analysis, with a special emphasis on Religio-Political Discourse
This is an introductory course aimed at students with little or no background knowledge in linguistics or philosophy of language. It is divided into two parts: Part I introduces the students to the fundamental theories of discourse analysis, including a brief introduction to linguistics and philosophy of language. It aims to identify what is a 'discourse' and how discourses function. Main authors to be studied include Saussure, Locke, Ayer, Russell and Wittgenstein (Texts provided). The second part involves the application of linguistic theory to the analysis of religio-political discourses in general, offering close readings of key texts, speeches and propaganda from a host of different religio-political actors. The aim is to teach students how to understand the working of such discursive systems, and how to understand the discursive effects of such language in a public context and the political domain. No prior knowledge of discourse analysis is required.

S6003 Management of Defence Technology
This course provides an appreciation of the important strategic relationships between management, technology and defence. The study of these relationships within a strategic studies programme can be justified on the basis that effective management of military-related industrial and technological resources represents an integral component of contemporary global power structures. Seminar topics include: historical antecedents of defence and technological innovation; the economics of defence; defence industrialisation processes; the Revolution in Military Affairs; parallel revolutions in defence management; defence science and technology strategy; technology transfer and sharing; defence globalization; China’s military-industrial complex; Japan’s defence-industrial ‘model’; and Singaporean defence-development policy and progress.

S6005 The Analysis of Defence/Security Policies
This course introduces students to the United States’ national security policymaking process. By examining the evolution of security policy through periods of changing threats and shifting public perspectives, students will understand the means by which the United States formulates defence and security policies and will recognize how the roles of various actors adapt as conditions change. In the early classes students will identify, explain, and assess the importance of different factors in U.S. policymaking. This offers a foundation for understanding how American thinking about national security is formed and how perspectives on the use of force and the role of government shape policy, which will be consistent themes throughout the course. Students will later be asked to identify security concerns and explain how the policymaking process will likely work. By the end of the course students should be able to devise a model of the factors affecting U.S. security policy so as to understand how these policies might change and what they may look like in future environments.

S6007 Research Methods in International Studies
A graduate-level introduction to research methods in international and Asian studies. What is a good question in the social/political sciences and what constitutes a valid answer or claim? How different or similar are the social from the natural sciences? What are some of the main methods or strategies of inquiry used by students of international studies? These are the main questions addressed by this team-taught module. Each week, a faculty member will introduce a method or methodological issue relevant to the analysis of international studies. The aim is to introduce students to some of the key methods of the field, encouraging them to think critically and apply these methodologies in their work. Where appropriate, research methods will be discussed in relation to some of the key concepts and debates in international affairs.

S6010 Technology and Military Innovation: A Revolution in Military Affairs, Defence Transformation, or Something Else?
Throughout history, process of innovation was at the heart of creating military effectiveness and therefore gaining military superiority over a rival. This included the introduction of new ways of fighting (the phalanx, employed by the Greek city-states), of organisation (the lévee en masse of the French Revolution), or of technology (the so-called “gunpowder revolution” of the 16th Century, or aviation and mechanisation in the 20th Century). In 1955, the British historian Michael Roberts introduced the idea of a "Military Revolution" -- an event or process in the conduct of war so profound as to alter the entire shape and character of the societies in which it occurred. More recently, this concept has been used to describe recent developments in military technology, driven mainly by information, communications, and computer technologies. Sometimes this development has been termed a "Revolution In Military Affairs" (RMA), or "Defense Transformation," or something else. This course will examine recent developments in military innovation through the lens of technological change, considering the role of technology in spurring an RMA, whether such an RMA is currently underway (and, if not, what is happening and how significant is it), and the impact of arms industries and arms transfers on military modernization, all with an eye toward how these overall developments affect current global and regional (Asia-Pacific) security.

S6011 Globalization, Security, and the State
Globalization is the new buzzword. Since the end of the Cold War, the pace of global integration appears to be quickening. What is globalization, and why is it important? Is globalization really a new phenomenon? Is it irreversible? This course addresses these questions and explores others raised by the greater internationalization and interdependence of international politics. Its focus is on a few key issues at the heart of the globalization debate as it relates to security (broadly defined). We begin first by assessing the continued relevance of the statecentric political-military focus of security studies. The rest of the course examines issues such as: the trans-nationalization of security threats, such as the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, crime, environmental degradation, migration, and public health issues; and the continued relevance of international organizations. We will focus on the substance of these issues but also think about them in broad theoretical terms. The goal is for students to develop the analytical and theoretical skills necessary for thinking critically about the concept of security in an age defined by porous borders, heterogeneous allegiances, and interconnected economies.

S6014 The Evolution of Strategic Thought
This module is designed to provide students with the opportunity to analyze the ideas of key strategic thinkers on the nature and conduct of non-nuclear warfare. The course examines important ways of theorizing war as a phenomenon and addresses the various methods of studying it and applying the insights. The major portion of the module analyzes major theories of warfare, drawing attention to the historical, political, ideological, moral, economic and technological factors that shaped their formulation. In the process the course also provides students extensive opportunities for evaluating the continuing validity of these theories. The module finally examines the ways in which strategic theory helps both students and practitioners of policy determine the optimal use of military power in an increasingly complex post-Cold War, “post modern” environment.

S6016 The Study of War
This course examines the phenomenon of war, from the processes of making strategy to the actual conduct of the military operations that comprise war. It looks at the preconditions to strategy - in particular the facets of geography, strategic culture and armaments - as well as the concepts that underpin particular state strategies. Finally, through a series of case studies, the course will propose a typology of wars in the 20th Century, and examine how wars have been transformed since.

S6019 Terrorism, Intelligence and Homeland Security
The course seeks to provide students of counter terrorism a clear conceptual framework for understanding the national response to the threat of terrorism to the internal security of a state. It intends to examine the state response to both the “old” and “new” terrorism. The course will examine the changing nature of the state and the threats faced by the state in the post-cold war and post-9/11 world. The key questions of the course: How do different states view the concept of homeland security? Does terrorism pose a threat to state sovereignty? The course will also offer a practical look at protecting critical functions of the state and private sector.

S6020 Chinese Security and Foreign Policy
This course is intended to be a comprehensive and in-depth survey of China’s foreign and security policy in the post-Cold War era, with a particular emphasis on the rise of China and its implications for East Asia and the future world order. We will first look at the historical legacies of the PRC’s foreign relations and theoretical approaches to the study of China’s foreign and security policy. The next part will focus on China’s major bilateral relations. We will examine the state of China’s relations with major international powers and the forces that are shaping the interactions between China and other major international actors. The third part explores some of the most important issues of concern to scholars and the international community, including the foreign and security policy making in China, China’s use of force, the Taiwan problem and other potential conflicts concerning territory, and non-traditional security issues such as China’s energy policy. The last session sums up the course in a bid to help students develop deeper and more balanced views on China’s rise and future development of China’s foreign and security policy.

S6024 Problems in Combating Insurgency and Terrorism
This course examines the nexus of terrorism and counterterrorism. It is intended to acquaint students with the dynamics, policy options, and challenges involved in countering terrorism by doing so to establish a solid foundation upon which further expertise can be built. The course considers a wide range of questions in order to provide students with a deeper understanding of the how terrorism can best be fought. Among the questions it examines are: What is terrorism? How has terrorism changed and evolved over time and what are the contemporary implications of these changes? What accounts for the success or failure of government counterterrorist efforts? What are the essential components of an effective counterterrorist strategy? Specifically, the course will assess and analyze the application of various government terrorism countermeasures and the challenges governments face in crafting a response to this threat. An added feature of the class is the viewing of videos to enhance student understanding of terrorism and how to counter it by hearing directly from the terrorists themselves and those charged with fighting them. To that end, the class will view and discuss such landmark films as“ The Battle of Algiers” as well as such award-winning documentaries as “Death on The Rock”; “One Day in September”; and, “Operation Thunderbolt: Raid on Entebbe,” among others.

This course also examines the nexus of Insurgency because countering it involves a solid knowledge of its nature, its organization and of its various techniques. It will deal with the genealogy of “small wars” from the origins to our days and especially on how guerilla warfare has become revolutionary warfare and the evolution of irregular conflicts until the present insurrection in Iraq. What accounts for the success or failure of this type of warfare? The course will assess and analyze the application of various States countermeasures to deal with this type of threats, which combines guerilla, sabotage, the use of terrorism and of psychological warfare.

S6025 India’s Foreign and Security Policy
The course introduces the ideological and geopolitical drivers of India’s foreign and security policy. The first part delves into the sources of India’s conduct by focusing on the ancient origins of its strategic culture and the enduring legacy of the British security structures. The second part analyses the evolution of India’s policies in the three concentric circles that surround it— the immediate neighbourhood, the extended neighbourhood and the Indian Ocean, and the global system. The final section focuses on the new policy challenges to India as a rising power. The emphasis will be on understanding the India’s difficult transition from a weak third world state to a potential great power that can shape the regional and international system.

S6028 Countering Religiously-Motivated Terrorism in Southeast Asia: Issues and Challenges
This course examines the diverse explanations that purportedly shed light on the global phenomenon of religious radicalization, often resulting in terrorist violence, with particular reference to Southeast Asia. Employing insights from a range of perspectives including traditional terrorism studies; Islamic philosophy; Southeast Asian area studies; social and cross-cultural psychology, the course seeks to illuminate the roots, as well as various modalities of countering, the religiously-motivated terrorism phenomenon in general, but especially with special reference to the Southeast Asian region.

S6029 Nuclear Politics in Asia
Asia is the location of several existing and potential nuclear powers. This course is designed to develop an advanced understanding of the politics of nuclear weapons in East, South and West Asia within a comparative framework. Drawing on the experiences of the Cold War era and more recent nuclear relationships in Northeast and South Asia, it develops the student's capabilities to anticipate the future of nuclear politics across Asia. Strategic politics is usually studied from the standpoint of the apparently distinct disciplines of strategic studies and international relations theory. Here, the relationship between the two is treated as integral in order to encourage a more holistic and critical understanding of nuclear politics. The course examines central issues about why states want nuclear weapons (motivations); how nuclear-armed states think (concepts and doctrines); how they interact (crises and cooperation; the termination of rivalries); efforts to manage nuclear weapons (arms control, nonproliferation); and the impact of non-state actors (nuclear/radiological terrorism).

S6031 Globalisation, Maritime Security and Naval Development in the Asia Pacific
The course begins with a review and discussion of the central concepts of classic maritime strategic theory and explores the way in which recent legal, political and technological developments have altered and developed those concepts. With this as a background, students will then analyse the maritime dimension of globalisation, and its effects on the role and nature of contemporary navies. Two competing models of naval development will be developed. The first will be a system based collaborative model in which navies cooperate in defence of the trading system. The second will be a potentially more conflictual model in which navies serve narrower and perhaps more traditional state purposes. These models will then be applied to the Asia-Pacific area by means of a close comparative examination of interactive naval development in the United States, the PRC, India and Japan. Students will be encouraged to come to their own conclusions about the impact of this developments for the future of globalisation and of international relations in the Asia-Pacific area. The course will be taught by a series of informal lectures, student discussions and workshops. Wherever possible, we will include contributions from experts from outside the University.

S6034 Jihadist Strategic Thought and Practice
This course is designed to familiarize the student with the evolution of Islamist Jihadist Strategic Thought and Practice from its origins through to contemporary times. Radical Islamist movements have developed an extensive body of strategic thought over the past several decades based on their own idiosyncratic reading of Islamic history and religion. Their ideas and practices have had a profound impact on the conduct of international politics since the end of the Cold War. The course starts with an analysis of mainstream Islamic theory and practice of warfare from the time of the formation of the Islamic state under the Prophet Mohammad through the rise and decline of the Ottoman Empire in the nineteenth-century.

Jihadist strategic and political thought can be identified with the evolution of a tradition that emerged at the margins of the Islamic intellectual mainstream in the thought of Ahmad ibn Hanbal in the tenth century, through Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah in the fourteenth century, to Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab in the eighteenth century. It is a self-styled “traditionalism,” retrospectively referred to al nahj al salafi or al-salafiyyah (Salafism). In the nineteenth century, Islamist thinkers beginning with Muhammad Abduh, of al-Azhar University embraced a doctrine centered on the pristine purity of Islam, helped lay to rest the conventional Islamic view of history as decline and promoted the idea that individual activism and collective militancy can be means of achieving political change. This call was taken up in the twentieth-century by radical Islamist thinkers such as Abu ala al-Mawdudi, Hasan al-Banna, and Sayyid Qutb who are the three key thinkers of Islamist militancy in the twentieth century. Their ideas constitute the ideological and philosophical foundations for the second and third generation of Jihadist thinkers, strategists, and practitioners whose lethal militancy has contributed to the onset of the Global War on Terror.

S6035 Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in Modern Asia
The Asian continent from the Middle East through to the Indian sub-continent, south-east Asia and Far East Asia has witnessed some of the most protracted and bloody intra-state wars in history. It has also witnessed some of the best theoretical analyses of both insurgency and counterinsurgency. The course will begin by a four week immersion in the theories of insurgency and counterinsurgency. The remaining eight weeks will be devoted to in-depth analyses and discussions of key case-studies of insurgency and counterinsurgency campaigns from the post-World War II era to the present.

S6036 War in the Global Village
This course explores the impact of globalization on war and strategy. Globalization – succinctly defined as the widening, deepening, and speeding up of worldwide interconnectedness -- is a complex phenomenon and it influences many different aspects of domestic and international political, economic and social life. Using the perspectives developed in political science and international relations theory, we will examine how globalization affects the threat and use of force.

We will consider the ways in which strategic thinkers, past and present, navigated their engagement with the “global village”. We will examine both past periods of transnational interconnectedness (notably before WWI) as well as the current globalization, including a particular focus on Asia. The course will include examinations of different dimensions of States’ military power – land, naval, air – as well as non-state actors’ strategies and means of action.

S6037 Selected Issues in Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Terrorism was not introduced to the world on 11 September 2001. But the attacks on that day marked a change in the nature of terrorism and influenced our response to that. In fact terrorism being perpetrated by Al Qaeda and the broader the jihadist movement has expanded the scale and the scope of the use of violence to settle political, social or civilizational disputes. This is manifested on many fronts – motives and objectives, organization and resources and tactics and targets.

The course offers an understanding of threat from new terrorism in its various manifestations. It examines the organization and objectives of the new terrorism and analyzes the impact of organizational decline and emergence of micro-actors like home-grown, do-it-yourself terrorists. The course focuses on the changing motivation, tactics and targets of new terrorism and analyzes how terrorists’ exploit instruments of globalization and modernity for propaganda, recruitment, funding and other logistical purposes. It also offers insights into specific aspects of the tactical innovation and changing pattern of targeting that have significant bearing on counterterrorism policies and practices.

The course covers conceptual issues in terrorism and political violence and examines how the terrorist threat and some aspects of the response to the same implicate – in terms of nature and scope - violence on a global scale. It also covers issues such as Organization and Objectives; Strategic Communication (including Cyber terrorism); Terrorism and Crime; Terrorist Financing; Threat to Critical Infrastructures – Aviation, Land Transportation, Hospitality Industry and Major Events; Maritime Terrorism and Piracy and CBRN Terrorism.

S6038: Conflicts in the Digital Age: Information and Cyber Warfare
This course offers a birds-eye view on the evolving concepts of information and cyber warfare in a broader context of wars for information, against information, and through information. In doing so, it explores the progressive dynamics of information warfare in&

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For enquiries related to our graduate programmes, please send your email to rsisprogrammes@ntu.edu.sg.

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